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Q:Android 5.0 (L) Service Intent must be explicit in Google analytics Manifest GCMIntentService.java ** EDIT **

Q:Android 5(L)服务意图必须明确在谷歌分析 显示 gcmintentservice.java ***编辑**

My code worked in <5 but in Android 5.0 I'm running into an issue that I don't quite understand.

10-23 10:18:18.945: E/AndroidRuntime(8987): java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit: Intent { act=com.google.android.gms.analytics.service.START (has extras) }

My code works, even now, on 4.4.4 and below. So what do I need to do? I'll post relative code below. Also, during my googling I found this post about java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit in regard to Android 5.0 but I don't understand what it means.

Manifest

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx"
    android:versionCode="3"
    android:versionName="v1.2.4065" >

    <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="12"
        android:targetSdkVersion="21" />

    <!-- Required for Google Analytics -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />

    <!-- For push notifications (GCM) -->
    <permission android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" android:protectionLevel="signature" />
    <uses-permission android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" />
    <!-- App receives GCM messages. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECEIVE" />
    <!-- GCM connects to Google Services. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" /> 
    <!-- GCM requires a Google account. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.GET_ACCOUNTS" />
    <!-- Keeps the processor from sleeping when a message is received. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WAKE_LOCK" />
    <!-- GCM - We handle notifications differently if the app is running -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.GET_TASKS" /> 

    <!-- Caching -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

    <!-- The event subscribe button adds events to the calendar -->
<!--    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CALENDAR" /> -->
<!--    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CALENDAR" />  -->

    <supports-screens
        android:resizeable="true"
        android:smallScreens="false"
        android:normalScreens="true"
        android:largeScreens="true"
        android:xlargeScreens="true"
        android:anyDensity="true" />

    <application
        android:name="xxxxx.xxxxxApplication"
        android:icon="@drawable/app_icon"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:largeHeap="true" >
        <receiver 
            android:name="com.google.android.gcm.GCMBroadcastReceiver" 
            android:permission="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" />
                <category android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx" />
            </intent-filter>
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATION" />
                <category android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx" />
            </intent-filter>
        </receiver>

        <receiver 
            android:name="xxxxx.ConnectivityReceiver"
            android:enabled="false" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.net.conn.CONNECTIVITY_CHANGE" />
            </intent-filter>
        </receiver>

        <activity 
            android:name=".SplashActivity"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Splash"
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:noHistory="true" >
            <intent-filter >
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <activity
            android:label="@string/app_name"
            android:theme="@style/Theme"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible"
            android:name=".LoginActivity"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait" >
        </activity>
        <activity 
            android:name=".MainActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible" />

        <activity 
            android:name=".CountryPickerActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Floating"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible" />
        <activity 
            android:name=".EventPickerActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Floating"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible" />
        <activity 
            android:name=".TutorialActivity"
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Transparent"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize"
            android:screenOrientation="portrait" />

        <activity 
            android:name=".VideoPlayerActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme"
            android:configChanges="orientation|screenSize" />

        <service android:name=".GCMIntentService" android:enabled="true" />
        <meta-data android:name="com.crashlytics.ApiKey" android:value="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"/>
    </application>

</manifest>

GCMIntentService.java

public class GCMIntentService extends GCMBaseIntentService {
private static final int ATTEMPTS_MAX = 3;

final static boolean USE_DEV = false;
final static String XXXXX = "https://xxxxx/api.php";
final static String XXXXX = "http://dev.xxxxx/api.php";
final static String SUBSCRIPTION_KEY = "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"; // unique per app

    public GCMIntentService() {
        super(xxxxxx.SENDER_ID);
        if(GCMIntentService.USE_DEV) {
            host = XXXXX;
        } else {
            host = XXXXX;
        }
    }

    ...

}

** EDIT **

The more I look at this issue the more I think it's not in GCMIntentService.java. I should have posted my stack trace before which is:

10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560): FATAL EXCEPTION: GAThread
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560): Process: xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx, PID: 10560
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560): java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit: Intent { act=com.google.android.gms.analytics.service.START (has extras) }
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.app.ContextImpl.validateServiceIntent(ContextImpl.java:1674)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.app.ContextImpl.bindServiceCommon(ContextImpl.java:1773)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.app.ContextImpl.bindService(ContextImpl.java:1751)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.content.ContextWrapper.bindService(ContextWrapper.java:538)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.AnalyticsGmsCoreClient.connect(AnalyticsGmsCoreClient.java:82)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAServiceProxy.connectToService(GAServiceProxy.java:279)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAServiceProxy.createService(GAServiceProxy.java:163)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAThread.init(GAThread.java:95)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAThread.run(GAThread.java:493)

So I'm going to try to run GA as explicit intent.

我的代码工作在LT;5,但在Android 5,我遇到了一个问题,我不太明白。

10-23 10:18:18.945: E/AndroidRuntime(8987): java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit: Intent { act=com.google.android.gms.analytics.service.START (has extras) }

我的代码的作品,即使是现在,在4.4.4下。那么我需要做什么呢?我将张贴相关代码如下。另外,我在搜索我发现这个帖子java.lang.illegalargumentexception:服务意向必须在Android 5是明确的但是我不明白这意味着什么。

显示

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx"
    android:versionCode="3"
    android:versionName="v1.2.4065" >

    <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="12"
        android:targetSdkVersion="21" />

    <!-- Required for Google Analytics -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />

    <!-- For push notifications (GCM) -->
    <permission android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" android:protectionLevel="signature" />
    <uses-permission android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" />
    <!-- App receives GCM messages. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECEIVE" />
    <!-- GCM connects to Google Services. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" /> 
    <!-- GCM requires a Google account. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.GET_ACCOUNTS" />
    <!-- Keeps the processor from sleeping when a message is received. -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WAKE_LOCK" />
    <!-- GCM - We handle notifications differently if the app is running -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.GET_TASKS" /> 

    <!-- Caching -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

    <!-- The event subscribe button adds events to the calendar -->
<!--    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CALENDAR" /> -->
<!--    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CALENDAR" />  -->

    <supports-screens
        android:resizeable="true"
        android:smallScreens="false"
        android:normalScreens="true"
        android:largeScreens="true"
        android:xlargeScreens="true"
        android:anyDensity="true" />

    <application
        android:name="xxxxx.xxxxxApplication"
        android:icon="@drawable/app_icon"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:largeHeap="true" >
        <receiver 
            android:name="com.google.android.gcm.GCMBroadcastReceiver" 
            android:permission="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" />
                <category android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx" />
            </intent-filter>
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATION" />
                <category android:name="xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx" />
            </intent-filter>
        </receiver>

        <receiver 
            android:name="xxxxx.ConnectivityReceiver"
            android:enabled="false" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.net.conn.CONNECTIVITY_CHANGE" />
            </intent-filter>
        </receiver>

        <activity 
            android:name=".SplashActivity"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Splash"
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:noHistory="true" >
            <intent-filter >
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <activity
            android:label="@string/app_name"
            android:theme="@style/Theme"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible"
            android:name=".LoginActivity"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait" >
        </activity>
        <activity 
            android:name=".MainActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible" />

        <activity 
            android:name=".CountryPickerActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Floating"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible" />
        <activity 
            android:name=".EventPickerActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Floating"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize" 
            android:screenOrientation="portrait"
            android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan|stateVisible" />
        <activity 
            android:name=".TutorialActivity"
            android:theme="@style/Theme.Transparent"
            android:configChanges="locale|orientation|screenSize"
            android:screenOrientation="portrait" />

        <activity 
            android:name=".VideoPlayerActivity" 
            android:theme="@style/Theme"
            android:configChanges="orientation|screenSize" />

        <service android:name=".GCMIntentService" android:enabled="true" />
        <meta-data android:name="com.crashlytics.ApiKey" android:value="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"/>
    </application>

</manifest>

gcmintentservice.java

public class GCMIntentService extends GCMBaseIntentService {
private static final int ATTEMPTS_MAX = 3;

final static boolean USE_DEV = false;
final static String XXXXX = "https://xxxxx/api.php";
final static String XXXXX = "http://dev.xxxxx/api.php";
final static String SUBSCRIPTION_KEY = "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"; // unique per app

    public GCMIntentService() {
        super(xxxxxx.SENDER_ID);
        if(GCMIntentService.USE_DEV) {
            host = XXXXX;
        } else {
            host = XXXXX;
        }
    }

    ...

}

***编辑**

The more I look at this issue the more I think it's not in gcmintentservice.java. I should have posted my stack trace before which is:

10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560): FATAL EXCEPTION: GAThread
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560): Process: xxxxx.android.phone.xxxxx, PID: 10560
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560): java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit: Intent { act=com.google.android.gms.analytics.service.START (has extras) }
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.app.ContextImpl.validateServiceIntent(ContextImpl.java:1674)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.app.ContextImpl.bindServiceCommon(ContextImpl.java:1773)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.app.ContextImpl.bindService(ContextImpl.java:1751)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at android.content.ContextWrapper.bindService(ContextWrapper.java:538)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.AnalyticsGmsCoreClient.connect(AnalyticsGmsCoreClient.java:82)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAServiceProxy.connectToService(GAServiceProxy.java:279)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAServiceProxy.createService(GAServiceProxy.java:163)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAThread.init(GAThread.java:95)
10-23 13:17:08.095: E/AndroidRuntime(10560):    at com.google.analytics.tracking.android.GAThread.run(GAThread.java:493)

所以我将尝试运行GA作为明确的意图。

answer1: 回答1:

Migration from Google Analytics v2 to v3 solve the problem for me.

从谷歌Analytics V2 V3给我解决问题的迁移。

answer2: 回答2:

If you're trying to use Google's Licensing mechanism, solution that worked for me:

// explicit Intent, safe
Intent serviceIntent = new Intent(ILicensingService.class.getName());
serviceIntent.setPackage("com.android.vending");
boolean bindResult = mContext.bindService(serviceIntent, this, Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);

This is located in com/google/android/vending/licensing/LicenseChecker.java. Do a search for "Base64.decode("

Edit:

Adding reference to Google Licensing java file that has to be patched:

com.google.android.vending.licensing.LicenseChecker.checkAccess(LicenseChecker.java:150)

patch:

new String(
-    Base64.decode("Y29tLmFuZHJvaWQudmVuZGluZy5saWNlbnNpbmcuSUxpY2Vuc2luZ1NlcnZpY2U="))),
+    Base64.decode("Y29tLmFuZHJvaWQudmVuZGluZy5saWNlbnNpbmcuSUxpY2Vuc2luZ1NlcnZpY2U=")))
+    .setPackage("com.android.vending"), // this fix the 'IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit'
     this, // ServiceConnection.

Source: https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=78505#c19

如果你试图使用谷歌的许可机制,解决方案,为我工作:

// explicit Intent, safe
Intent serviceIntent = new Intent(ILicensingService.class.getName());
serviceIntent.setPackage("com.android.vending");
boolean bindResult = mContext.bindService(serviceIntent, this, Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);

这是位于COM /谷歌/安卓/售货/授权/ licensechecker.java。做一个“Base64解码(搜索。”

编辑:

添加参考谷歌授权java文件已被修补:

com.google.android.vending.licensing.LicenseChecker.checkAccess(LicenseChecker.java:150)

补丁:

new String(
-    Base64.decode("Y29tLmFuZHJvaWQudmVuZGluZy5saWNlbnNpbmcuSUxpY2Vuc2luZ1NlcnZpY2U="))),
+    Base64.decode("Y29tLmFuZHJvaWQudmVuZGluZy5saWNlbnNpbmcuSUxpY2Vuc2luZ1NlcnZpY2U=")))
+    .setPackage("com.android.vending"), // this fix the 'IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit'
     this, // ServiceConnection.

来源:https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?ID = 78505 # C19

answer3: 回答3:

Since Android 5.0 (Lollipop) bindService() must always be called with an explicit intent. This was previously a recommendation, but since Lollipop it is enforced: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit is thrown every time a call to bindService() is made using implicit intents. The difference between implicit and explicit intents is that the latter specifies the component to start by name (the fully-qualified class name). See the documentation about intent types here.

The issue you are having is due to not having upgraded to a newer version of the google libraries, which comply with Android's restrictions on implicit intents when binding a service on Android 5 Lollipop. To fix the issue, you can upgrade the library to a newer version if available, or update the library code yourself and build your project with the modified version.

If there's no suitable library upgrade in the general case, you need to modify the source code (in your case com.google.analytics.tracking.android.AnalyticsGmsCoreClient.connect()) to call intent.setPackage(packageName) before calling bindService() where intent is the first argument of the bundService() call and packageName is the name of the package containing the service the code is attempting to start (in your case "com.google.android.gms.analytics").

You can use this code as an example how to do this: Unity's updated version of the Google Licensing Library (LVL) which calls bindService with an explicit intent and does not result in IllegalArgumentException.

Yet another way to get around the problem is to rebuild your project and the google libraries using targetSDK no later than 19. This will make it run without crashing on Lollipop but is the less secure option and prevents you from using SDK functionality introduced in later versions (for Android 5).

Since Android 5.0 (Lollipop) bindService() must always be called with an explicit intent. This was previously a recommendation, but since Lollipop it is enforced: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Service Intent must be explicit is thrown every time a call to bindService() is made using implicit intents. The difference between implicit and explicit intents is that the latter specifies the component to start by name (the fully-qualified class name). See the documentation about intent types here.

The issue you are having is due to not having upgraded to a newer version of the google libraries, which comply with Android's restrictions on implicit intents when binding a service on Android 5 Lollipop. To fix the issue, you can upgrade the library to a newer version if available, or update the library code yourself and build your project with the modified version.

如果是在一般情况下没有合适的库升级,你需要修改源代码(在你的情况中的COM。谷歌Analytics跟踪。Android。analyticsgmscoreclient。connect())打电话的意图。setpackage(packagename)之前调用bindservice()意图的bundservice()电话软件第一个参数的名称套餐包含服务代码尝试(在您的情况下“COM。谷歌。Android。GMS。分析”)。

您可以使用此代码作为一个例子,如何做到这一点:统一的更新版本的谷歌牌库(LVL)称为一个明确的意图,并不会导致IllegalArgumentException bindService。

另一种方法来绕过这一问题是重建你的项目和使用targetsdk不晚于19谷歌文库。这将使它运行没有崩溃在Lollipop不过是不太安全的选项,防止使用SDK的功能介绍,在以后的版本(Android 5)。

android-5.0-lollipop  illegalargumentexception